Week 1: 1940's

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In what ways was radio the lifeline of Australia in the 1940's?:Some are because of World War 2 some people would want to know what was happening in the war, where the army was and most importantly who had died at the point in time.

What was happening in the world in the 1940’s?
1940: World War ll was happening. Nazi Germany invaded Norway, Denmark, Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg. The worlds first Helicopter took flight.
1941: The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and Germany and Italy declare war on the United States. German warship Bismark sank.
1943: Italy surrenders then declares war on Germany.
1944: An assassination attempt on Hitler fails.
1945: Mussolini killed and Hitler commits suicide. War in Europe ends and Germany surrender. Berlin divided into four zones by Allies. The first Atomic Bomb detonated. An Atomic bomb is dropped on Japan. Japan surrenders and World War II ends.

Other Info:World war 2 was happening when Hitler and the Nazi were trying to take over the world! The Allies England and U.S.A. were trying to stop Hitler and the Nazi. In the end U.S.A. decided to drop an Atomic bomb on Japan, which ended the war.

Why were dance bands and their music so popular?:Dance bands and music was so popular because there wasn't any way to turn on the TV and watch a TV show or a video clip for a song, so instead they would listen to music.

Why was nostalgia such an important element of pop music?:Nostalgia was such an important part of POP music because it means remembering something so people were trying to remember happy times that have happened in the past, to write about in their music.

Who were the great music stars in the 1940's?:1. Frank Sinatra2. Glenn Miller3. Dizzy Gillespie4. The Andrews Sisters (Boogie Wugle Boogle Boy)

How did the roles and lives of women change during the 1940’s?: Woman had to start working to get money because the husbands were fighting off at WW2! Also Women were not allowed to work at first because this was considered a mans role, so the women had to stay home and look after the children and do the house work.
Woman grinding drill points, 1942
Woman grinding drill points, 1942
Rosie the Riveter Poster
Rosie the Riveter Poster
Woman Finishing Nose Section of B-17 Heavy Bomber, Douglas Aircraft, 1942
Woman Finishing Nose Section of B-17 Heavy Bomber, Douglas Aircraft, 1942

Week 2: 1950's

What influence did Rock and Roll have on the world?
The massive popularity of rock music resulted in a powerful impact on society. Rock and roll influenced daily life, fashion, attitudes, language and social developments. As the original generations of rock and roll fans changed, the music became more interesting and more energetic with Elvis Presley especially changing it a lot. In the early 1970s, rock songs and acts began to be used in television commercials and within a decade this practice became bigger and popular. Starting in the 1980s rock music was often featured in film and television program soundtracks.

What was the Baby Boom?:
A baby boom is any period marked by a greatly increased birth rate. Young males returning to the United States, Canada, and Australia following tours of duty overseas during World War II began families, which brought about a significant number of new children into the world.This dramatic increase in the number of births from 1946 to 1964 (1947 to 1966 in Canada and 1946-1961 in Australia) is called the Baby Boom.

In the United States, approximately 79 million babies were born during the Baby Boom. In 2006, the oldest Baby Boomers are turning 60 years old, including the first two Baby Boomer presidents, Presidents William J. Clinton and George W. Bush, both born in the first year of the Baby Boom, 1946.

In the 1930s to early 1940s, new births in the United States averaged around 2.3 to 2.8 million each year. In 1945, the number was 2.8 million births; it marked the beginning of the Baby Boom. In 1946, the first year of the Baby Boom, new births in the U.S. skyrocketed to 3.47 million births. New births continued to grow throughout the 1940s and 1950s, leading to a peak in the late 1950s with 4.3 million births in 1957 and 1961.

Where did rock’n’roll originate?:
Rock 'n' roll originated from the evolution of rhythm and blues. The term rock and roll was coined by Alan Fried. Some people say that Rock and Roll started in 1954-55 when Bill Haley recorded "Rock Around the Clock." It was a hit first in America and then in Britain. It stayed on the charts for over a year, and sold 15 million copies world wide. It also started Rock and Roll, and Bill Haley is considered the "father of rock and roll." The beat was bigger and louder than any beat before it and that is because of electric guitars.

What threats to world peace flared during the 50’s?:
Heaps of different types of bombs were going off. Also very big Nuclear bombs became a massive threat because a few countries were making them and using them.

In what ways were the 50's conservative?:
In the 50s women had to wear dresses and sometimes pants but the pants were for sports and men had to wear pants and a shirt. The black people and the white people were separated from each other because most of the white people thought that they were more important than the black people. After the end of the war this started to change because people believed that as black men had fought for the country they should be treated equally. Women looked after the children and did the house work: cleaning, cooking etc. While the men went to work and worked all day coming home to expect dinner to be ready for them on the table.

In what ways did peacetime encourage economic and industrial change?:
All the men that came back from World War II would have to find jobs in factories. There wouldn't be many jobs left for them because the woman were working in factories but lots of women would've been fired because in the 50's after the war everyone thought that men had the right to work over women.Most women would try keep their job because they were only getting paid half the amount of what men get so they may have gone to another workplace, where there was no men or just not have a job at all. Although some women would have not necessarily cared that they were getting half the pay of the men were, because some would have thought, " At least i am getting some money" and "Some money is better than NO money". Lots of women would desperately need money if they didn't have a husband working and getting paid.

Week 3: 1960's

Why was this decade called the "Swinging Sixties?"
Milk still came in bottles and doctors still made house calls. In Britain, the police were still called "bobbies" (and walked around instead of driving around in vans), and while TV may have been black & white, it was far more entertaining than most of what the TV stations churn out today.

With employment high and most enjoying a reasonable income, the 60s saw an increase in people spending money. Leisure time could be enjoyed by shopping, going to the cinema, watching television and travelling abroad. By mid-decade motoring had also become a pleasure affordable to most and everything was 'fab' and 'groovy' and discotheques were the chic places to go.

During the 60s there was a huge influx of Rock and Roll, beat and pop music from British bands, known in North America as the 'British Invasion'. Bands such as the Rolling Stones and the Beatles became popular in countries such as Australia, America and Canada. 1967 was the year of Peace and Love. Flower Power became the message, manifesting itself in everything from psychedelic fabrics, flowers and flares.
In what ways were the 1960’s revolutionary?Black people were seen as equal to white people and were given all the same rights. Black people were given right to vote. Man landed on the moon (Neil Armstrong. The Beatles formed and changed the music people listed to. The first calculator and the tape cassette was developed. The first calculator and the tape cassette was developed. The 60's were different because everything was changing. The 60's was called 'The Golden Age of Movies' because movies was evolving. Fashion was changing and evolving and Australia was turning more and more American. How did the ‘Space Race’ impact on the world?The space race increased much of the technology available today. Before this age, space travel was just a dream. And no one imagined satelites would be so importants as they are today. Without them we can't do nothing in terms of communication, transportation and all media resources. Just NASA has, in the period of space race, registered about 300,000 patents, including digital clock, waterproof pen and the velcro. We can't imagine the future of human being out of the space exploration. The space research help us to understand ourselves as kind on this little platform of life that we call Earth. As Werner Von Braun once said: the space race opened the gates to the heaven. Why did this revolution occur in the 60’s?It happened because there was a race between the US and the USSR to get the first man up into space. The USSR won that, so the Americans set another goal to beat the USSR and have the first man step on the moon. They were determined to win this one, so they make sure it happened as soon as possible. What was ‘social change’? Hippies who wanted to stand up against war and cruelty and greediness of the world. They wanted to show you could be happy and loving without lots of material things. There was also social change about war. In the 60’s lots of people had seen how war had affected the world in a bad way, so there were standing up against it. What topics were the subjects of political demonstrations?
  • War
  • Greediness
  • Cruelty
  • Equal rights for all (i.e black and white people, and male and females)

WEEK 4: 1970'S

Why did so many social movements take place during the seventies?

Environmentalism: The seventies touched off a mainstream affirmation of the environmental issues early activists from the '60s, such as Rachel Carson, warned about. The moon landing that had occurred at the end of the previous decade transmitted back concrete images of the earth as an integrated, life-supporting system and shaped a public willingness to preserve nature. On April 22, 1970, the United States celebrated its first Earth Day in which over two thousand colleges and universities and roughly ten thousand primary and secondary schools participated.

What was the ’Civil Rights’ movement and how did it affect society?
The civil rights movement was a worldwide political movement for equality before the law occurring between approximately 1950 and 1980. It was accompanied by much civil unrest and popular rebellion. The process was long and tenuous in many countries, and most of these movements did not fully achieve their goals.

What advancements were there in the women's movement in this decade?
During the 1950s and 1960s, increasing numbers of married women entered the labor force, but in 1963 the average working woman earned ONLY 63 percent of what a man made. That year author Betty Friedan published The Feminine Mystique, an explosive critique of middle-class patterns that helped millions of women articulate a pervasive sense of discontent. Arguing that women often had no outlets for expression other than "finding a husband and bearing children," Betty encouraged readers to seek new roles and responsibilities, to seek their own personal and professional identities rather than have them defined by the outside, male-dominated society. The women's movement of the 1960s and 1970s drew inspiration from the civil rights movement. It was made up mainly of members of the middle class. Another factor linked to the emergence of the movement was the sexual revolution of the 1960s, which in turn was sparked by the development and marketing of the birth-control pill.

How/why did the Environment become an important issue? Environmental issues became a problem when global warming stared to take over and when many countries used up most of our natural, nonrewnewable, and fossil resources.
Week 6: 1980's: What influence did the birth of video gaming have on the world? The 80's was the decade of video games. They were in arcades, games rooms and even at home and these were the entertainment of the 1980’s. The most popular Games Machines and PC's were Space Invaders, Pac Man and Pong. We were beginning to be entertained by screen activities like Space Invaders, Pong and Pac Man. People paid money to play these games at arcades. This then led to games and consoles that were smaller and some were hand held (eg I-Pods, NIntendo DS, Playstation, Wii, Xbox).

Why are the 1980’s seen as the ‘Me’ years? The 1980s became the Me! Me! Me! generation of status seekers. During the 1980s, hostile takeovers, leveraged buyouts, and mega-mergers spawned a new breed of billionaire. Donald Trump, Leona Helmsley, and Ivan Boesky iconed the meteoric rise and fall of the rich and famous. If you've got it, flaunt it and You can have it all! were watchwords. Forbes' list of 400 richest people became more important than its 500 largest companies. Binge buying and credit became a way of life and 'Shop Til you Drop' was the watchword. Labels were everything, even (or especially) for our children. Tom Wolfe dubbed the baby-boomers as the 'splurge generation. Video games, aerobics, minivans, camcorders, and talk shows became part of our lives.

Who were the influential musicians of the 1980’s and how did they impact this era? 1.

Black Sabbath - The most influential band ever! They have been huge influence for all of the extreme metal bands. Especially, after the end of hair metal foolishness, people rediscovered them with the rise of thrash, and then death metal. They basically wrote the first ever Doom Metal song. They are the first band who wrote dark, shocking lyrics. The list is endless... And they were also influential for stoner rock, other softer metal bands and some of the nu-metal bands.
Sad Wings of Destiny
Sad Wings of Destiny
Judas Priest - Even though the influence of Judas Priest sound on particularly "extreme" metal is somewhat questionable. It's a fact that all of today's metal bands were huge fans of the Priest.

How did the removal of the Berlin Wall impact on western culture?